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University of Saskatchewan Photograph Collection
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Emmett M. Hall - Portrait

Head and shoulders photo of Emmett M. Hall, Judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, and honourary Doctor of Civil Laws degree recipient. Image possibly taken near time of presentation.

Bio/Historical Note: Emmett Matthew Hall was born 29 November 1898 in Saint-Colomban, Quebec. At age 12 in 1910, his family moved to Saskatoon to take over a dairy farm. Hall was in the audience on 29 July 1910, when Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier laid the cornerstone for the University of Saskatchewan. Hall studied law at the College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan, putting himself through by teaching French in local schools. One of his classmates was John Diefenbaker, future Prime Minister of Canada. He received his LLB from the U of S in 1919. Hall was called to the bar in 1922 and spent the next 35 years in private practice. He became a leading litigator in the Saskatchewan bar. Hall earned a reputation as a civil libertarian after serving as co-counsel in defending 24 unemployed on-to-Ottawa trekkers who were charged in the 1935 Regina Riot. In 1935 Hall was appointed King’s Counsel. He was elected a bencher of the Law Society of Saskatchewan, becoming president of the Law Society in 1952. He also taught law at the College of Law at the U of S. Appointed by John Diefenbaker in 1961 to chair a royal commission on Canada’s health care system, Hall issued a report in 1964 that went beyond Saskatchewan’s pioneering medicare legislation and recommended wider benefits, such as free prescription drugs for seniors and dental care for school children and people on social assistance. He is considered one of the fathers of the Canadian system of Medicare, along with his fellow Saskatchewanian, Tommy Douglas. Lester Pearson’s government adopted many of Hall’s recommendations and implemented a national health plan in 1968 that was cost-shared with provinces. Named to the Supreme Court in 1962, Hall’s lasting judicial legacy is in the area of Aboriginal law. Particularly noteworthy is his strong dissent in R v Calder, regarding Nisga’a title to territory. His view that Aboriginal title existed through centuries of occupation and could be extinguished only through surrender or by competent legislative authority is credited with influencing modern land claims settlements across Canada. Hall was awarded an honourary Doctor of Civil Laws degree by the U of S in 1962. Hall served as chancellor of two different universities: the University of Guelph (1971-1977) and the University of Saskatchewan (1979-1986). By a quirk of fate, he followed two former leaders of the federal Progressive Conservative party in the two positions. His predecessor as chancellor of Guelph was George Drew, who led the party from 1948 to 1956. At Saskatchewan, Hall succeeded his old law school chum, John Diefenbaker, who died in 1979. On his retirement from the Supreme Court in 1974, Hall was made a Companion of the Order of Canada, "for a lifetime of service to the law and for his contributions to the improvement of health services and education." Emmett Hall died 12 November 1995 in Saskatoon at age 96.

Dr. Bill Orban and 5BX Plan

Dr. Bill Orban, director, School of Physical Education, reads the 5BX plan he created.

Bio/Historical Note: Dr. William Robert Orban was born in 1922 in Regina, Saskatchewan. His parents were immigrants from Hungary. Dr. Orban played many sports at the Jesuit high school he attended. In 1941 he was offered a hockey scholarship to attend the University of California, Berkeley, where he initially studied engineering. Dr. Orban then attended the School of Physical Education at McGill University and graduated in 1949. He went on to complete a PhD in 1953 at the University of Illinois. Dr. Orban took a position at the Department of National Defence and created a fitness programme for Royal Canadian Air Force pilots, a third of whom were not considered fit to fly. In response to this brief he created the 5BX (5 Basic Exercises) plan for men and the XBX (10 Basic Exercise) plan for women. The plans were innovative in two respects. Firstly, they did not require access to specialized equipment. Many Air Force pilots were located in remote bases in northern Canada, with no access to these facilities, so it was important to offer a means of keeping fit without their use. Secondly, the plans only required 11 minutes (for men) or 12 minutes (for women) per day to be spent on the exercises. While studying the effect of exercise at the University of Illinois in the 1950s, Dr. Orban noticed when testing oxygen intake that long periods of exercise did not necessarily lead to significant improvement. This led him to the conclusion that the intensity of exercise was more important, than the amount of time spent on it. This aspect of the plan drew a negative reaction from others in the field but the 5BX programme proved its worth. 23 million copies of the booklets were sold and translated into 13 languages. The popularity of the programs in many countries around the world helped to launch modern fitness culture. Dr. Orban, as a public servant, received no additional income from the success of the plan.
Dr. Orban was himself a superb athlete, active in many sports of which football and hockey were his favourites. He played professional football with the Regina (now Saskatchewan) Roughriders (1941) and later with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (1945), and was an excellent basketball player and boxer. Dr. Orban was a Junior A hockey player and continued to play hockey right up to age 60 and ran 14 kilometers every day until age 73.
In 1958 Dr. Orban became dean at its new Physical Education program at the University of Saskatchewan. While there he initiated the Saskatchewan Growth Study - a pioneering study of physical development in boys aged 7 to 17. In 1966 Dr. Orban returned to Ottawa to become a professor of the University of Ottawa's Human Kinetics department and became dean of that department in 1968, a position he occupied until 1976. He continued as a professor in Kinanthropology until his retirement in 1987. Dr. Orban died 18 October 2003 in Ottawa.

Charles C. Hay - Portrait

Head and shoulders image of Charlie Hay, honourary Doctor of Laws degree recipient. Image possibly taken near time of presentation.

Bio/Historical Note: Charles Cecil (Charlie) Hay was born in 1902 in Kingston, Ontario. He graduated from Nutana Collegiate in Saskatoon in 1921 and that fall entered the University of Saskatchewan for Engineering. His athletic career highlights included Saskatchewan's first ever victory over Alberta in intervarsity football in 1922. He was captain of the team in his senior year. Hay played goal on the hockey team for five seasons - 1921-22, 1922-23, 1923-24, 1924-25 and 1926-27 - and was captain of the team for three years. The 1922-23 hockey team won the city, intervarsity, provincial and Western Canadian senior championships. The team advanced to the Allan Cup final in Winnipeg, losing to the Toronto Granites. Hay served on the Athletic Directorate for two years and after completing school, he served as alumni representative on the Men's Athletic Board. Hay was later on the University Senate and the Board of Governors. After a long business career in the petroleum industry, he retired and began working with Hockey Canada, eventually becoming president. During his time with Hockey Canada, Hay worked to develop programs for coach certification, student ice hockey scholarships, and hockey research. He also provided administrative guidance and negotiations for the 1972 Summit Series. The U of S presented Hay with an honourary Doctor of Laws degree in 1965. Hay died in 1973 and was posthumously elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame as a builder in 1974.

Department of Computation of Science - Staff

A female Computational Centre employee sits at a new computer.

Bio/Historical Note: A brief history of the early years of the Department of Computer Science until 1980: The University of Saskatchewan entered the computer age in 1959 with the installation of a Librascope General Precision LGP-30 computer. It was in the Mathematics department, located in the basement of the Crop Science Building, as it was too large to fit in the elevator in the Arts Building. The machine was designed to fit into a Steelcase office desk, and had 4096 words of 31-bit magnetic drum memory. It was jointly owned by the Saskatchewan Research Council, the National Research Council Prairie Regional Laboratory, and the University. In 1963 an IBM 1620 machine was installed on the third floor of the Engineering Building. It was a punch-card oriented machine operated by its users (one at a time). Some programming courses were given in Engineering, Commerce and Mathematics, but there was no full-time support organization for computing until 1965, when an IBM 7040 ‘mainframe’ was purchased with funding assistance from the National Research Council (NRC). The NRC at that time had a one-time program to ‘kick-start’ computing capacity and usage at Canadian universities, and for the U of S, this resulted in the acquisition of the IBM 7040, a significant step up from the model 1620. Along with the facility, the Department of Computing Services was created under its first manager, Glenn W. Peardon (1928-2018). The 7040 was installed in July 1965, also in the Engineering building. The 1620 was retired in October of that year. Only a little over a year later the demands for computing were exceeding the capacity of the 7040, and an IBM 1401 was added to handle more work. In June 1967 it was proposed that a new machine be obtained, an IBM 360 Model 50. This was a mid-sized mainframe of that era and was expected to provide sufficient capacity until October 1968. It was installed in a new location in room 70 Arts Building, and although it was expected to be in service for only one year, it was still in place by July 1970.
Under the headship of Dr. Blaine Holmlund (1930-2006), the Department of Computational Science was established in 1967, and first offered classes in 1968. The computer support staff consisted of 22 operators, programmers and analysts. It was initially created as a department of the whole university, i.e., it did not belong to a particular college, as it was felt that it would have strong programs in all of Engineering, Arts and Science and Commerce. It did not join up with a college until many years later. The July 1970 purchase of the Hewlett Packard 2000A time-sharing system, which was a minicomputer capable of handling up to 16 simultaneous users (later expanded to 32). In October 1971 the Computer Advisory Committee in Saskatoon received a recommendation from the Universities Study Group (that had responsibility to the University as a whole), that the campus needs could best be handled by acquiring both an IBM 370/155 and a DECsystem 10. In 1973 the university installed a DECsystem 2050, its first time-sharing system. It served up to 32 simultaneous users, and was programmed in BASIC. In 1974 the department was renamed the Department of Academic and Computing Services. The DECsystem 2050 was installed in early 1979 and was upgraded to a 2060 in 1980. This system was called DEUS, for Data Entry, University of Saskatchewan; it consisted of a DEC PDP-11/70 minicomputer and 44 CRT stations in room 145 Arts. Following its installation, there was a rapid growth in its use, as the needs first expressed in 1970 were finally met with some adequate functionality in 1979. The DECsystem 2050 was upgraded to a 2060 in 1980.

Medicine - Residents

Grouping of individual photos of residents at University Hospital between 1955-1963. Clockwise at top: Chertkow, G., 1955-56; Jaworski, Z.F., 1956-57; O'Herlihy, H.T., 1958-59; Fraser, J.G., 1961-62; Kitchen, B., 1960-61; Baugh, C.W., 1959-60; Mowbray, John H., 1957-58; and Howard, D.L.G., 1955. U of S logo at centre of grouping.

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